Welcome to “A Walk Through Time”. This rug hooking challenge was conceived early one morning at a rug school while Ingrid Hieronimus and Jayne Nevins were having coffee and tea. After several cups of both, “A Walk Through Time” was born. The idea was to create a collection of hooked clocks displaying different design features and styles. After a timeline of top and bottom of each hour was set up and the types of clocks were identified, a few guidelines were established for the participants and the hooking began. We wanted to invite as many people as we could to participate in the project and would like to thank all 22 people who participated in this challenge with ourselves. The enthusiasm from our fellow rug hookers in Canada and the United States was over whelming! Everyone stepped up to the challenge and designed and delivered their beautiful interpretations of the clocks. This collection of hooked clocks shows the diversity of rug hooking styles, colour choice and finishing techniques used. The challenge has taken us on such a wonderful learning and sharing journey that we are planning on doing another one to showcase our art form. Special thanks to Jim Nevins for taking the photos. Historical information about the clocks and the period were sourced through Wikipedia. Jayne Nevins & Ingrid Hieronimus **All hooked rugs are copyrighted. Do not duplicate without permission. ** Cover Designed and Hooked by Ingrid Hieronimus Published April 2020
The first documented hourglass dates from the 8th century CE. But it was not until the 14th century that the hourglass was seen commonly. The fact that the hourglass also used granular materials instead of liquids gave it more accurate measurements for a ship while sailing. It would take exactly one hour for the sand to flow from one bulb to the other. Hourglasses were commonly seen in use in churches, homes, and work places to measure sermons, cooking time, and time spent on breaks from labor. Because they were being used for more everyday tasks, the model of the hourglass began to shrink. The smaller models were more practical and very popular as they made timing more discreet. After 1500, the hourglass was being replaced by the mechanical clocks but the smaller versions can still be found in homes today. The hourglass image on the gravestone of Ollie Leonard in the Allegheny Cemetery in Pittsburgh provided the rug hooking pattern design. Biography Fritz Mitnick has always done needlework from the time she could hold a needle. She found rug hooking in 1997 and took an early retirement in order to hook more rugs. She is a McGown accredited teacher and a member of the local McGown Guild. Her rugs have appeared in Rug Hooking Magazine, The Wool Street Journal and ATHA and McGown periodicals. Fritz designs many patterns and some are available from Honey Bee Hive Rug Hooking Patterns.
A sundial is a device that tells the time of day when there is sunlight by the apparent position of the Sun in the sky. A rudimentary sundial can be easily constructed to mark the passing of time by placing a stick in the sand or a nail in a board and placing markers at the edge of a shadow or outlining a shadow at intervals. Sundials date back from the Neolithic age. The designer of this rug decided to portray one of the most powerful spiritual sites, Stonehenge, to depict the time. Stonehenge was a prehistoric temple aligned with the movements of the sun to foretell the summer and winter solstices. Understanding the power of the movement of the sun in turn informed early people when to celebrate, when to plant, and when to pray to the Gods who influenced every part of their daily lives. It is thought by archeologists that it was originally build in 3000 BC and continued to be modified until 1600 BC. Biography Liz Marino is an accredited McGown Teacher and has her Ontario Hooking Craft Guild’s teacher certification. She is also the Chairman of Publicity for the Pearl K. McGown Hookcrafters Guild. Liz teaches from her home and at workshops throughout the United States and in Canada. Her pieces have been featured in the Celebrations magazine and she is a Celebration Hall of Fame member.
A Candle clock was used as early as AD520 by the Chinese. It supplied a means of determining the time by consistently spaced markings (usually with numbers on the side). It provided an effective way to tell time indoors, at night, or on a cloudy day. Similar methods of measuring time were used in medieval churches until they were replaced by clocks in the format that we know today. When Liz was assigned the candle clock she immediately thought of the nursery rhyme Jack Be Nimble where Jack jumps over the candlestick. This was her inspiration for the design. Biography Liz Krist started rug hooking in 1977 with Jean Armstrong. She obtained her McGown rug teacher certification in 2008 while attending South Eastern Teachers’ Workshop. In 2009, Liz received her certificate in Punch Hooking with Amy Oxford. Liz has been involved in the running of many rug hooking schools in Ontario. She enjoys all aspects of rug hooking and continues to learn as she hooks.
Astronomical clocks were made up of very integral moving circles – the zodiac formed one circle, another rotating ring depicts the earth with the sun moving around it, and a ring with the moon moving around it. It has a roman numeral dial indicating the 24-hour clock. The stationary background of the Astronomical dial is an earthly map. The oldest operating astronomical clock is in Prague. It was built in 1410. The rug design is based on the Prague clock illustrating the three moving dials. The golden hand is indicating the time as 1:30. Biography Debbie Fabi is a retired administrative secretary living in Southern Ontario. As a child, she learned the art of rug hooking from her aunt. Upon retiring, she became serious about rug hooking and actively pursued her rug teaching certification from the Ontario Hooking Craft Guild. Debbie loves teaching and sharing her passion for pictorials.
Cathedral clocks date back to the 13th and 14th century and can be found in some European cathedrals and on towers in town. Original cathedral clocks were built as an astronomical clock with the sun and moon moving around the earth on a 24 hour analogue dial. The inspiration for this time piece, “Looking Through Time”, is the clock window at the Musee D’Orsay in Paris. The D’Orsay was originally a train station. The challenge with the design was the number of straight lines which go across the grain of the rug backing. The observer and the view were drawn and applied separately after the clock was designed. Biography Cyndy Duade lives and teaches in the New London, NH area. She is a certified McGown Teacher and has been teaching the art and craft of rug hooking since 2003. She has had several rugs featured in Rug Hooking Magazine and has served as President of the McGown Guild. She enjoys all styles of rug hooking, including fine shading, wide cuts, and color planning. She encourages her students to grow in their art and develop the creative instincts that reside within.
The first wristwatch was created in 1812, to fit the wrist of the Queen of Naples, however, they had previously been introduced in the 1570s but were described as an arm watch. Wristwatches were primarily worn by women as the watches were prone to damage by the elements, which is why men wore pocket watches. They were seen as a fad for women and were thought to be inaccurate because of their size. This thought drastically changed after the outbreak of WWI in 1914. Soldiers and aviators had begun strapping their pocket watches to their wrists for easier and quicker access to time. Around 1916, the pocket watch began to fall out of fashion and the wristwatch grew into the standard means of time-keeping for both men and women alike The design for this challenge came from observing people in warm weather wearing lighter and lesser clothing. More and more people were sporting tattoos so the idea of a tattooed watch on a wrist was the inspiration for the rug. Biography Val Flannigan is a McGown accredited rug hooking teacher and has received her teaching certificate from the Western Canadian Rug Hooking Education Association. She teaches throughout Canada and the United States. Val considers herself a lifelong learner and takes as many classes as she can.
The pendulum clock was invented in 1656 by a Dutch scientist and inventor Christiaan Huygens. The swing of a pendulum when used in timekeeping increased the accuracy of clocks from the loss of about 15 minutes each day to only 15 seconds each day which led to the rapid spread of retrofitting clocks with pendulums. Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries pendulum clocks in homes, factories, offices and railroad stations served as primary time standards for scheduling daily life and transportation. By the 1930’s and ‘40s, they were replaced by cheaper electric clocks and are now kept mostly for their decorative and antique value. The design for this rug was based on a clock owned by the designer’s father. When he retired, one of the owners of the Lumber Mill where he worked presented him with the clock. It was one of his prize possessions. Marjorie became owner of the clock upon his passing. Biography Marjorie Duizer is a retired Registered Nurse who discovered Traditional Rug Hooking in 1999. She quickly decided she had found her passion and wanted to teach it to others. Marjorie is a certified Ontario Hooking Craft Guild (OHCG) teacher and has her McGown certification. She has been active in the OHCG and Teachers’ Branch. Marjorie teaches locally and at many workshops throughout Canada and the United States. She is a member of the Goderich Co-op Art Gallery and enjoys designing pieces and hooking pieces for the Gallery. Marjorie also does weaving and is incorporating it into her hooked pieces.
A cuckoo clock is typically a pendulum-regulated clock that strikes the hours with a sound like a common cuckoo's call. Some have an automated cuckoo bird that moves with each note and some birds move their wings and open and close their beaks. It is unknown who invented the clock and where the first one was made. It is thought that it evolved from the Black Forest area in southwestern Germany. The cuckoo clocks were exported to the rest of the world from the mid 1850s. Today, the cuckoo clock is one of the favourite souvenirs of travelers in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria. The design for this rug is a Keebler Miniature Cuckoo clock which was manufactured by Westclox. The actual size of the clock was 6” x 4”. It has a walnut face with an animated blue bird with leaves, brass weights and chimes. Biography Tina Cole has been rug hooking for 17 years and has received her Ontario Hooking Craft Guild rug teaching certification and her Pearl McGown school accreditation in rug hooking. She is an active teacher at many workshops and has her own rug hooking business, Tina’s Distinctive Colours. Tina is also an avid dyer.
The pocket watch was the most common type of watch from their development in the 16th century until wristwatches became popular after World War I. Pocket watches generally have an attached chain to allow them to be secured to a waistcoat, lapel, or belt loop, and to prevent them from being dropped. Women's watches normally had a fob that was more decorative than protective. The design for this challenge was based on a pocket watch owned by the designer’s maternal grandfather. His watch was a Dueber-Hampden watch located in Canton, Ohio. It began operation in 1889 and ended in 1930 when it was sold and moved to Russia. Dueber used the Christmas season to sell and promote the watches in post card sized advertising cards so this rug has a holiday theme to it. The grandfather’s pocket watch is still in the possession of the family. Biography Linda Powell is a McGown and Ontario Hooking Craft Guild (OHCG) accredited teacher. She has been a long time active member in two local rug hooking groups in addition to being a member of the Association of Traditional Hooking Artists (ATHA), OHCG and the National Guild of Pearl K. McGown Hookcrafters. Linda also serves as the Director of the Southern McGown Teachers' Workshop. Her work has received awards at National Exhibits and appeared in Celebrations XXV and 26. Linda teaches from her home based studio, Village Rim Rug Hooking and at week-long schools and workshops in both the United States and Canada. She resides just 15 minutes from the location where the twin factories of the Dueber-Hampden Company once stood.
The carriage clock is a small, spring –driven clock, designed for travelling. It was developed in the early 19th century in France, where they were also known as “Officer’s Clocks”. The first carriage clock was invented by Abraham Louis Breguet for the Emperor Napoleon in 1812. The makeup of the clock has it’s minute and hour hand front and center. Some models had an alarm mechanism displayed below the clock face. The clocks always had their own carrying case with a handle for hanging. The size was kept small for easy travel, the biggest ever made was 9” high. Peak production for these clocks was in 1880. This rug design captures the clock and carrying case with the carriage wheel spokes in the background. Researching for the clock was a great reminder of how fast time passes and nothing stays the same. Biography Judy Kielczewski is an Ontario Hooking Craft Guild certified rug teacher. She offers classes at home and teaches at workshops throughout Ontario and in the States. She has always worked with fibres during her working career – from shoe making to upholstery to clothing and costume design. Judy always carries a camera and sketching pencils and pads to capture new creative ideas. She loves colours, textures and designing.
A grandfather clock is a tall, freestanding, weight-driven pendulum clock with the pendulum held inside the tower or waist of the case. An English clockmaker, William Clement, is credited with the development of this form in 1670. Until the early 20th century, pendulum clocks were the world’s most accurate timekeeping technology. The original clocks chimed at the top and bottom of the hour. In the early 20th century, a quarter hour chime sequence was added. The inspiration for this rug was the cubism artwork and its use of geometric shapes and fragmented objects. Some of the unique characteristic parts of the grandfather clock, including the pendulum and hanging weights, were rearranged. A combination of overlapping shapes, contrasting values and outlining were used to provide interest. Biography Pam Manders has been happily surrounded by wool snippets for 13 years. She enjoys designing original patterns and exploring new techniques. Two of her rugs have been featured in the Celebration of Hand Hooked Rugs magazine. Pam attends numerous rug hooking schools and workshops throughout the United States and Canada.
Clock towers are a specific type of building which houses a turret clock and has one or more clock faces on the upper exterior walls. Many clock towers are freestanding structures but they can also adjoin or be located on top of another building. Clock towers are a common sight in many parts of the world with some being iconic buildings. The mechanism inside the tower is known as a turret clock. It often marks the hour (and sometimes segments of an hour) by sounding large bells or chimes, sometimes playing simple musical phrases or tunes. The designer of this clock chose to hook the Lincoln Mill Tower Clock which presided over the city of Biddeford, Maine. It chimed the mill employees to work in the morning and sent them home at night. The mill closed during the 20th century and the clock fell silent. The clock was slated for demolition in 2007 but a group of volunteers removed the clock from the tower and placed it on the ground nearby to await reconditioning. Today, reconditioning has begun and the Lincoln Mill Tower Clock will once again stand as an icon of the Industrial Era. Biography Lisa Chaloner began hooking in 1991, studying for many years under Annie Spring, of Amesbury, Massachusetts. During that time, Lisa explored the use of colour in rugs and developed a love for that aspect of the craft. She completed the McGown Teacher Certification process in 2009. She teaches weekly and bi monthly private classes and at workshops throughout the States. She was previously the Director of Northern McGown Teachers’ Workshop. Lisa has taken part in the Eye See You II Project in 2012 and the Tarot Card Exhibition, which opened in December of 2015.
Vintage Alarm Clocks (1930 - 1969) were designed to alert an individual at a specific time. It is a classic analog clock with a button or handle on the clock that, when pressed, would turn the alarm off. Traditional alarm clocks have one or two bells that ring by means of a mainspring that moves the hammer back and forth between the two bells or hits the single bell. Alarm clocks in the United States ceased production during WWII as the factories were converted to war work but were one of the first items to resume production after the war. This vintage design was based on the designer’s childhood memories. She had a clock model as depicted, the teddy bear is her actual childhood toy, and the purple glasses were her rebellious favourite growing up. The early morning sunrise over Lake Ontario is the view that she wakes up to. Biography Sue Reaney has been hooking since the early 1970’s. She has attended many workshops throughout Canada and the United States and has won awards for her entries at shows. Sue is a member of the Ontario Hooking Craft Guild, ATHA, The Ajax Hooking Guild and Pickering Village Hooking Guild.
The Art Deco style came about as a reaction to the forced austerity imposed by World War 1. First introduced in France in 1925, it was France’s way to show the world that it was still the trend setter of glamour, elegance, functionality and modernism. The use of geometric curves, bold lines, chevron patterns, cubes and futuristic looking designs are typical of Art Deco. For women, the style pioneered the use of kohl pencil on the eyes, red bee-stung lips; short bobbed hairstyles, short skirts and loose fitting dresses. It was the jazz age and age of the flappers. This design incorporates many of the era’s attributes. Biography Jayne Nevins is a fibre artist who became certified as an Ontario Hooking Craft Guild (OHCG) rug hooking teacher in 1999 and a McGown teacher in 2007. Jayne has contributed her time in fulfilling many positions on the executive of the Ontario Hooking Craft Guild, Teachers’ Branch and as Director of Southern McGown teacher training workshops in West Virginia. Jayne loves to attend and teach at workshops throughout Canada and the United States. She has adjudicated at many rug hooking shows and she enjoys teaching all forms (wide and fine cut) and all aspects (designing & dyeing) of rug hooking.
Bakelite was the first plastic made from synthetic components. Wikipedia notes that Bakelite was made by “a thermosetting phenol formaldehyde resin, formed from a condensation reaction of phenol with formaldehyde”. This product was invented by Leo Baekeland, a chemist from Yonkers, New York, in 1907. The Bakelite Corporation was formed in 1922. The company was acquired by Union Carbide and Carbon Corporation in 1939. Bakelite production ended after World War II when more economical plastics were available. Bakelite was popular as it could be molded into various shapes. Popular Bakelite products included clocks, jewellery, radios, telephones, electrical devices, billiard balls, automobile caps and insulators. Originally made in Illinois and shipped to Canada until 1920 when the Westclox Bakelite clocks were manufactured in Peterborough, Ontario. The model “Moon Beam” was designed in 1930 and is the subject of this rug design. It is one of several Bakelite clocks that our rug hooking artist owns. The Westclox factory located in Peterborough was closed down in the 1980’s when it became more economical to produce them overseas. Biography Janice is an accredited rug hooking teacher with the Ontario Hooking Craft Guild (OHCG), received a Certificate in Fibre Arts – Traditional Rug Hooking from St. Lawrence College, Brockville, Ontario and is an accredited McGown Teacher in U.S.A. She has been rug hooking for 40 years. In addition to rug hooking, Janice is an accomplished fibre artist who enjoys spinning, wet and dry needle felting, knitting, crocheting, cross stitching, needle pointing, tapestry weaving and quilting. She is also an accomplished dyer.
The “Starburst” Wall Clock was very popular among homes in the 1950’s. This style of clock became more popular after the launch of Sputnik 1 – the first artificial satellite to orbit the earth in October of 1957. After that time, geometric designs in clocks and wall paper prints could be seen in many homes. George Nelson was a very influential geometric clock designer during that period, with many designers following his lead. The Starburst Wall Clock was then mass manufactured to keep up with consumer demand. The starburst profile still remains popular and contemporary today as it did in the 1950’s and have become highly desirable to collectors. Biography Terri Schaefer has been hooking for 20 years. She is an accredited McGown rug hooking instructor and has her Ontario Hooking Craft Guild certification. She teaches all cut widths and rug hooking styles and enjoys teaching throughout the United States and Canada. She is also the owner of a rug hooking supply business, In the Wool, where she sells her rug hooking patterns, equipment and wool.
Mantel clocks—or shelf clocks—are relatively small house clocks traditionally placed on the shelf, or mantel, above the fireplace. It was first developed in France in the 1750s. In Boston Massachusetts, Simon Willard created a relatively economical mantel clock around the first decades of the 19th century. They were typically made of cherry or oak. Charlotte Price designed the clock and titled it “Next”. She envisioned the clock sitting on a mantel in the parlor of Miss Molly Fairchild, where the gentlemen wait their turn to be, Next. Biography Charlotte Price has been rughooking for 38 years. She attended McGown Teachers Workshop, Southern Division and became accredited in 1985. She established many rug camps throughout the Eastern USA. In 1998, her business, The House of Price, Inc, purchased the patterns of Jane McGown Flynn. Additional patterns under the name of Primco were created making close to 2,700 rug hooking patterns available. Charlotte was the sponsor of the six Pearl K McGown Teachers workshops where rug hookers received their accreditation. She is also a certified Ontario Hooking Craft Guild teacher. She sold her business in 2013.
A digital clock is a type of clock that displays the time in numerals or other symbols, as opposed to an analogue clock, where the time is indicated by the positions of rotating hands. The earliest patent for a digital alarm clock was registered by D.E Protzmann and others on October 23, 1956, in the United States. Two side-plates held digital numerals between them, while an electric motor and cam gear outside controlled movement. In 1970, the first digital wristwatch (called the Pulsar) with an LED display was mass-produced by the Hamilton Watch Company. This style of watch was modeled after a prototype digital watch designed for Kubrick’s 2001: A Space Odyssey Throughout the 1970s, despite the initial hefty cost of digital watches, the popularity of the watches steadily rose. The design of this rug reflects the face of the modern day digital chronometer clock. To represent energy, bright lines radiating through the clock were added in the background. Biography Gunda Gamble is a fibre artist using traditional rug hooking techniques incorporating both natural wool and yarns. She designs all her own patterns which are mostly inspired by landscape and architecture. She has been hooking for fifteen years and her rugs have been published in various books and magazines and have won several awards. Gunda also has had solo exhibits at galleries located throughout Ontario. She is the owner and operator of Crowsfoot Studio which hand makes wooden frames and stands that are used by the fibre arts community.
For Benita, being asked to be in the Clock Challenge was at once exciting and daunting! She picked the 'fun clock' category and decided to hook a picture she took of Ingrid Hieronimus portraying the Mad Hatter during a party at Ragg Tyme Rug School in 2018. Deciding to hook Ingrid was the daunting part...especially after being told she better do a good job!! Benita took some close ups of Ingrid's face, borrowed the red wig she wore at the party and got started dyeing the wool she would need. She spent hours of hooking in the "quiet of her home" to get Ingrid's face as she wanted it to be. In the picture the clock was on the side of the top hat and was moved to the center so that it would be more prominent and would display the time of 9:00. Biography Benita Watford Raleigh is a McGown Certified teacher who loves working with all cuts of wool. She evolved from a primitive, wide cut teacher, to working with fine cuts, shading and brighter colors. At her studio, Fancy Work Rug Barn she teaches students on weekly basis and does workshops around the northeast. Special stitches, portraits, landscapes, pictorials, painterly hooking and shading are but some of the types of hooking Benita loves to teach. She is a member of McGown, is president of Goodwives Chapter of ATHA and is Co-Director of Country Inn Rug School in New Hampshire.
Advertising clocks have been made in a wide range of materials and styles. They are as diverse as the numerous products and services they were designed to promote. The inspiration for this rug, “Too Cozy Cabin”, is from a memory of family road trips where retro advertising clocks could be found in diners and hotels along the way. These brightly coloured, simplistic and eye-catching clocks were whimsical and fun! The real Too Cozy cabin is located in the mountains of Tennessee near Gatlinburg where a wonderful Arts and Crafts community exists. It is always time to relax at Too Cozy cabin! Biography Holly Garman is a certified Pearl McGown rug hooking teacher since 2010. She travels throughout the United States attending many of the McGown Teachers’ Workshops to continue to learn and further the craft of rug hooking. Holly enjoys designing her own patterns as well as custom dyeing for her students. She teaches rug hooking locally and is looking forward to teaching and encouraging others all over the country once she retires. Holly is the proud owner of the actual Too Cozy cabin!
Advertising clocks have been made in a wide range of materials and styles. They are as diverse as the numerous products and services they were designed to promote. As the designer is a tea totter, she decided to hook a clock sign from the Café Paris. Parisian cafés serve as a center of social and culinary life in Paris. They have been around since the 17th century, and serve as the meeting place, neighborhood hub, conversation matrix, rendez-vous spot, and networking source, a place to relax or to refuel - the social and political pulse of the city. Parisian cafés show the Parisian way of sitting undisturbed for a couple of hours, watching things happening and people going by. Loris hooked this piece in honor of her father who was a clock designer and also a sign artist. Biography Loris Blandford began her rug hooking adventures in 2004 shortly after getting into the business of raising alpacas. She incorporates alpaca fibres in her pieces. She is the proud owner of the Wool Farm where she is in the dye pots everyday creating fabulous wools, making patterns and working on anything rug hooking related.
Steampunk art has its origins in the Victorian era. Steampunk is a style of fiction having to do with a semi-fictional world where old machinery from the Victorian 19th century is still being used. Technologies that were new or important to the Victorians, such as steam power, clockwork or electricity, are big themes in steampunk. This design incorporates the nuts, bolts and gears representing steampunk. All of the embellishments were added on upon completion of the hooked gears and background of the rug. Biography Ingrid Hieronimus is the owner/operator of Ragg Tyme Studio in Mannheim (Kitchener), Ontario, Canada. She is an Ontario Hooking Craft Guild certified teacher, a certified McGown teacher, has her certificate in Fibre Arts – Traditional Rug Hooking from St. Lawrence College in Brockville, Ontario, and is an Oxford Punch Needle Rug Hooking certified teacher. She has been hooking for 40 years and teaching and dyeing professionally for 30 years. Ingrid has been featured in Celebrations Rug Hooking and is internationally known for her teaching, dyeing and rug hooking. She has authored 4 books on rug hooking dyeing and creative stitches and runs the Ragg Tyme School of Rug Hooking, which is held in May in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada.
A decorative clock is a great addition to wall decor. Any clock style can present a design opportunity for a part of your home. It may tie the room together with the furniture style or colour of a room or be a reflection of your design taste. They can also be a medium for making a statement. This decorative clock is called the Eleventh Hour. The designer wanted to depict that time is running out and we must act now. The rug shows our beautiful earth with the full Moon and North Star in the 11 o’clock position. It demonstrates a lot of difficulties we are facing with climate change near the top of the list. Time is ticking away and perhaps we are facing the eleventh hour. Biography Loretta Scena is an accredited McGown rug hooking teacher who has been hooking for 20 years. She teaches at many workshops throughout the United States and Canada. Her pieces have appeared in many rug hooking magazines over the years. Loretta is a self taught bead and fibre artist and loves to incorporate embellishments in her works.
Clocks are a functional decorative element that is a great addition to wall decor. Any clock style can present a design opportunity for a part of your home. It may tie the room together with the furniture style or colour of a room or be a reflection of your design taste. The design of this Victorian style decorative clock incorporates flowers associated with the calendar months and the month of the flower at each clock number. A lace like border was added to depict a fragile Victorian era clock. Biography Marie Miller has been hooking for 35 years and teaching for over 30 years. She is a certified teacher of the Ontario Hooking Craft Guild (OHCG). Marie has served on the OHCG Board in a variety of positions and has sat on the teacher training committee since 1992. She is known for her shading pieces but really enjoys working with details in all rugs. Many of her pieces have won awards. Marie teaches in her home and at workshops.